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VR4REACT – Reducing Reactive Aggression through Virtual Reality

VR4React will train prison educators and psychologists to use VR psychoeducation to reduce reactive aggression in inmates with a history of aggression.

Project Number: 2022-1-ES01-KA220-ADU-000089886

Funded by: Erasmus+      Duration: 01/01/2023 – 31/08/2025


Reactive aggression is when people act aggressively because they feel threatened, provoked, frustrated or angry. The World Health Organization is particularly concerned about aggression in prisons because it is a problem that affects a small group of people who suffer a lot due to high levels of violence and victimisation. Aggression in prisons is often not reported because it is hidden, ignored or underestimated.

However, research shows that certain factors within the prison system, such as overcrowding, understaffing, lack of psychological support and counseling are linked to higher rates of misconduct, aggression, and violence. Prison staff and inmates in these environments are in need of interventions to address their cognitive, emotional and psychological problems that can lead to a range of associated issues, such as staff burnout, poor relationships between staff and inmates, or increased grievances leading to more aggressive behavior.


VR4React aims to contribute to reducing reactive aggression in prison by training prison educators and psychologists to deliver the VR psychoeducational intervention to reduce aggressive behaviours of inmates with a history of reactive aggression.


This includes the development of a framework to reduce reactive aggression in prison settings. It identifies risk factors, maladaptive cognitions, and best practices to enhance pro-social behaviors and problem-solving skills. The findings inform the development of the VR capsules that include 360º video, interactive graphics, and user interaction mechanisms. The VR4React psychoeducational interventionprogram aims to promote positive thoughts, identify negative thoughts and emotions, increase pro-social behaviors, and reduce reactive aggression.

This activity involves the following outputs:

i) Curriculum Structure and Content of the Train of Trainers

Development of a guideline manual for trainers that includes clear language, learning goals, course components, and assessment methods. This will ensure that trainers have the necessary information to prevent any misunderstandings during the training.

ii) Training for Prison Technical Staff

Training for prison technical staff, in Ankara, on how to use the VR technology and intervention framework.

iii) Report on Trainers’ Feedback & Evaluation Analysis and Fine-tuning the Solution

Evaluation of the effectiveness of the VR methodology through pre- and post-tests and collection of feedback from trainers to fine-tune the solution and enhance its potential.

The intervention program will be implemented for inmates with reactive aggression in all partner countries. Trained prison educators/psychologists will deliver the program, which will train inmates to respond adaptively to threats, frustrations, and provocations instead of reacting aggressively. Pilot tests will be conducted to test the methodology’s feasibility and fine-tune the solution for scalability and transferability.

This activity focuses on providing technology-enhanced training to prison officers, aimed at reducing rates of aggression in prison and promoting inmate rehabilitation and social reintegration. The training course consists of a theoretical component through e-learning and a practical component through VR. Overall, the course will enhance the abilities of prison officers to contribute to reducing rates of aggression in prison and promoting inmate rehabilitation.

Funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or European Commission. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them. 

Project Partners

Organization Logo_KMOP Edu Hub
KMOP – Education and Innovation Hub (Greece)
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos Spain URJC
IPS Portugal
IPS (Qualify Just) (Portugal)
NAP (Moldova)
BMP (Romania)
PPHS (Poland)
APD (Turkey)

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