Analysing and Preventing Extremism Via Participation
PARTICIPATION is a project that identifies the European contemporary needs concerning extremism and radicalization, in a broad spectrum, going beyond the war-insurgency narrative.
Grant Agreement Number: 962547
Funded by: HORIZON 2020 Duration: 01/12/2020 – 30/11/2023
* For operative reasons, Participation defines extremism as a set of attitudes that lead people to embrace discourses and behaviours centred on a hate culture that fosters discrimination based on race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, sex, gender, gender identity, serious disability or disease and radicalization as a complex process of metanoia and socialisation that lead people to legitimize political violence as normal means of political action.*
Quite different forms of far-right extremism are having an impact in the European region and its borders. On the one hand far-right violence that emerged in violent football ‘ultra’ groups has in some cases mutated into militias, becoming integrated into private armies and at times state structures.
On the other hand, far-right online cultures have emerged across gamer platforms and image boards, and while these have an ‘ironic’ relationship with nationalism (the culture of ‘Kekistan’) and masculinity (evident in Incel themes), they share the same Nazi symbols and imaginaries (black sun, Nordic legends) that we encounter in the world of milita-inspired violence on Europe’s borders and increasingly within Member States. Meanwhile jihadist violence remains a threat, attacks often characterised by highly personalised violence emerging in street markets or work place.
There appear to be fundamental processes of diversification and transformation at work in contemporary experiences of extremism and radicalisation, that Participation aims to capture and explore, and in the process, propose concrete actions and tools that will empower policy actors and practitioners to respond to a changing reality capture.
Participation aims to prevent extremism, radicalisation and polarisation that can lead to violence through more effective social and education policies and interventions that target at risk groups.
The project wants to represent a real forward leap in the investigation of the paths and processes that from alienation and social exclusion of vulnerable groups lead to radicalization. Consequently, it will develop a specific participatory analysis on the socio-psychological effects of urban ecology on extremism and radicalization as well as polarization and alienation of young people, with a special focus on gender and sexuality dimensions. To achieve this, Participation will engage social actors, local communities, civil societies and policymakers.
Moreover, the project will establish in digital space Social Labs, which act as multipliers of the effectiveness of research & innovation actions by triggering local experiential learning processes and are increasingly important in policy innovation and design.
This project description reflects only the author’s view and the Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 962547.